What is an ELD?
An ELD is a combination of harware and software that synchronizes with a vehicle engine to automatically record driving time and mileage for easier, more accurate hours of service (HOS) recording.
Commonly referred to as AOBRD (Automatic On-Board Recording Device),many fleets currently use electronic logging via smartphones, tablets or ruggadized devices but the driver must manually input start and stop events. Compliant ELD's require the HOS software to be tied to the engine through a fixed hardware tracking and telemetry device so the start and stop events can be reported automatically.
THE ELD RULE: Canadian fleets
The US ELD rule has direct impact on all carriers and bus drivers who use US roadways. Although there is no regulation or ruling in Canada the Canadian Minister of Transportation has stated that Canada intends on aligning with US regulation.
What is the ELD Ruling?
The Electronic Logging Device (ELD) Rule is aimed at commercial motor carriers and truck drivers. The US Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration(FMCSA) published the ELD Rule in December of 2015 as part of a broader bill passed in 2012 by US Congress called the “Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century” bill, more commonly known as MAP-21. MAP-21 is the first long-term highway authorization enacted since 2005 and also included a requirement for the FMCSA to produce an ELD mandate for the use of ELDs. The ELD rule is intended to help create a safer work environment for drivers.
Who is Impacted by the ELD Ruling?
All commercial truck and bus drivers who currently record HOS (vehicles over 10,000 lbs.) will be
required to be ELD compliant.
Dates & Deadlines for Implementation
The FMSCA has provided driver’s and fleet operators a phased-in timeline to comply with the ruling. The Effective Date February 16, 2016 is the date 60 days after the rule’s publication in the Federal Register.
The Compliance Date December 18, 2017 is two years from the publication date.
Phase 1: Awareness and Transition Phase: February 16, 2016 to December 18, 2017.
• Paper logs are accepted up to December 18, 2017
Phase 2: Phased-In Compliance Phase: December 18, 2017 to December 16, 2019. Carriers and drivers subject to the rule can use:
• AOBRDS (Automatic On-Board Recording Device) that were installed prior to December 18, 2017.
• Certified, registered ELDs following rule publication December 16, 2015.
Phase 3: Full Compliance Phase: After December 16, 2019 all drivers and carriers subject to the rule must use certified, registered ELDs that comply with requirements of the ELD regulations.
What are the Specifications for an ELD?
Currently the basic specs are as follows:
1.) Interface with the engine:
ELDs automatically captures whether engine is on, whether the vehicle is in motion,
miles driven, engine hours.
2.) Location Information:
Automatic for each change of duty status; at 60-minute intervals while vehicle is
moving; at engine-on and engine-off; and at beginning and end of personal use and
3.) Graphical display of duty status:
Presents a graph grid of driver daily duty status changes on a display or a printout.
4.) RODS Printout at Roadside:
Choice of printout or display.
5.) HOS Driver Advisory Messages:
Warning of unassigned time/miles upon login.
6.) Default Duty Status:
Default status is “on-duty not driving” when vehicle has not been in motion for 5
consecutive minutes & driver has not responded to ELD prompt within 1 minute.
7.) Clock Time Drift:
UTC (coordinated universal time) synchronization – deviation cannot exceed
10 minutes at any time.
8.) Resistance to Tampering:
Prohibits alteration or erasure of original data collected by ELD, or alteration of the
source data streams used to provide that information.
9.) Identification of Sensor Failures and Edited Data:
Monitors, records, and displays edits with annotations, as well as detectable ELD
malfunctions and data inconsistencies.
Benefits of ELD Deployment
• Immediate fuel savings and maintenance costs
• Immediate increase in productivity through electronic logging
• Immediately save time and increase efficiency by getting rid of paper logs
• Automatically mileage tracking
• Reduce fines
• Electronic audit trail
• Increase driver safety